Causes of premature birth
The causes of premature birth have not yet been fully researched. Some experts believe it is often just fate if a child is born too soon.
Others rely on a number of symptoms and illnesses of the mother that can lead to premature birth or at least increase their likelihood.
The psyche of the pregnant woman plays a crucial role in this. Strong psychological stresses make the body more susceptible to infections and diseases, which in turn can lead to premature birth.
If the woman falls ill with a bacterial vaginal infection during pregnancy, contractions can be triggered prematurely. Such an infection, if detected early, can be treated with antibiotics. This infection occurs when pathogens are transmitted through sexual intercourse or the natural vaginal flora is out of balance.
Another disease that can cause premature birth is the weakness of the cervix. The cervix is the lower end of the uterus. This usually increases from 2 to 4 centimeters during pregnancy. This neck opens into the cervix, which remains tightly closed until birth. When the birth is due, the cervix opens and the cervix shortens again. If the cervix is shortened prematurely, the cervix also opens early. In this case, premature birth is imminent. This cervical weakness can be the result of a previous birth, an operation of the uterus or an abortion and can be detected by ultrasound.
A disorder in the placenta is also a cause of premature birth. If the placenta is disturbed, the baby in the womb cannot be properly fed. This problem can be caused by high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, pregnancy poisoning or nicotine consumption.
Basically, it is clear that alcohol and nicotine consumption during pregnancy are extremely dangerous for the child. In many ways, the development of the child can be inhibited and there is a high risk of premature birth.